Discussion among the scientists and medical professionals can be seen regarding chances of re-infection among the COVID-19 patient. On the occasion, experts have been curious to know whether a COVID-19 patient can gain a permanent immunity over the virus. In order to find out definite answer to these questions, scientists have been working constantly. Through a recent study, plausible cases of COVID-19 re-infection have been found in India.
On the occasion, the study has been conducted by Indian Council of Medical Research. 1300 coronavirus patients have been found that have been infected with the virus twice. According to the researchers 58 cases among them that are 4.5% of total number of cases are considered to be re-infections. In case of two COVID-19 patients among the 58 cases, re-infection has been seen with the gap of mere 102 days. However, there have been negative results in between also.
Soon, the study is going to be published in the journal titled Epidemiology and Infection. If a patient is re-infected with the coronavirus within a span of 102 days with a negative result in between then it can be looked as the possible case with re-infection.
How to identify cases of re-infection?
However, genome sequencing has not been done by ICMR always due to lack of samples. Head of Epidemiology and Communicable Disease from ICMR Dr. Samiran Panda has said, “The reinfection cases were earlier confirmed by only genome sequencing for which we need specific infrastructure, which may not be available everywhere. With the new definition, we can easily tab reinfection cases in India”
During the study, patients have been evaluated that have reported to go through re-infection. On the occasion, the patient has been come under the control of virus within 102 days from the first infection.